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CAP Reform

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Posts: 1
Joined: 23 Apr 2021 14:16
Country: ITALY
City: Milan

CAP Reform

Post by benedettabrambati »

The current CAP, Common Agricultural Policy corresponds to nearly 34.5% of the 2020 EU budget (€58.12 billion). Approximately 70% of CAP budget goes to factory farms. The EU's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has had limited success in mitigating agriculture's environmental degradation. The CAP structure for supporting sustainable farming demonstrated to be not sufficient for ensuring an economic competitiveness to small scale, sustainable farming systems compared to intensive livestocks. As trilogues for the reform of the CAP are in progress, we are working on a research aimed at designing a proposal (probably in the form of a Petition to the European Parliament).
There are currently various points which we could develop. The first would be including a EU agriculture sector Emission counting and pricing system. As agriculture is not included in the sectors covered by ETS, CO2 emissions are not paid by polluters. Due to the particular value chain characterizing agriculture sector, a simple involvement of agriculture in ETS seems to be hard in the short time. On the contrary, a parallel AGRO-ETS could be developed by considering a set of environmental impact indicators already identified in a wide range of research and institutional reports. AGRO-ETS is only a name, as the carbon counting might be doable not as a conventional trading system, but as a carbon pricing system managed by CAP. This proposal could be supported by a parallel initiative, from the EU commission, to label food products following new sustainability categories.
Another interesting argument concerns the suitability of direct payments solely based on hectares (under the Basic Payment Scheme, each eligible hectare gives the right to one entitlement); and the minimum requirements set out under Article 10 of Regulation 2307/2013.
Further, it is significant that there exists no eligibility condition with regard to the environment: certain conditions have to be respected by farmers benefiting from direct payments (such as cross-compliance) but these are not per se eligibility conditions. They only trigger penalties when they are not fully respected. Compliance with International and European environmental laws is therefore not a pre-condition for payments.
The current regime of Promotion of Agricultural Funds (REA) is also quite controversial. The policy is intended to help agri-products open up new markets. Under the slogan, "Enjoy, it’s from Europe", it aims to help agricultural organisations to promote EU agri-food products into international markets, and to raise awareness among consumers of the efforts made by European farmers to provide quality products. Although the Work Programme for 2021 has dedicated funds to sustainable, organic and proper dietary practices, still a part of funds will end up promoting meat and dairy products.
Andrea salimbeni
Posts: 8
Joined: 09 Dec 2020 07:19
Country: ITALY
City: Scarperia e San Pier

Feeding 7.6 billion people

Post by Andrea salimbeni »

Thakns Benedetta for your post and your support!

in the meantime, i went through a publication published in 2019 which is exactly validating our approach. I attach the document.

The publication specifically mention, as a conclusion of its assessment, "An integrated mitigation framework" based on a set of proposal to improve the sustainability of agriculture sector. The proposal is based on two pillars:

1. Development of a multi-indicators assessment system to be used by producers (to monitor) and by policy makers (to programme incentives)
2. Communicate sustainability results to citizens, by a strict traceability of food products, with environmental impact reported

These two pillars can be exactly the core starting point of our proposal!
987.full (2).pdf
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